In accordance with the unified regulations and requirements of the Leading Group for the Second National Pollution Source Census, at present, all localities have formulated the second national pollution source census plan, which organizes and implements preliminary preparations, inventory building, and comprehensive census work in stages.
In order to ensure the orderly progress of all stages of the second national pollution source census, and to ensure that the data obtained is true, effective, and high-quality completion of the census task, the author makes the following suggestions.
One is to proceed from the actual local situation and allocate census resources reasonably. Affected by geographical location and economic development mode, the industries that generate pollution sources are different in different regions, and the pollutant emission factors and total amount have their own characteristics. For example, in some coastal areas, industrial enterprises are relatively concentrated, and corporate pollution sources are the main aspect; some underdeveloped counties and districts focus on the development of agricultural planting, and non-point source pollution is the main aspect. Therefore, in the process of implementing the census measures, all localities should not scratch their eyebrows and beards, but should allocate census resources reasonably. In the distribution of census forces, we do not engage in egalitarianism. While ensuring business and ability, we must match the number of investigators with the pollution source industry; in the use of census funds, we do not engage in equal distribution. We are building office space and purchasing equipment. , Personnel subsidies and other aspects must be focused, not only to increase the enthusiasm of personnel, but also to ensure operational guarantees.
The second is that the pollution source information database should be checked and built while checking, and all data should be verified throughout the process. In the process of inventory and construction of the database, the grid system of regional environmental supervision can be fully utilized, and the method of identifying areas and personnel can be adopted to carry out the screening of the census survey unit list database in their respective regions. For pollution sources not included in the 2017 data, it is necessary Replenish the inventory in time to ensure that no pollution source is leaked. In the process of household survey and data collection, it is necessary to provide the original information as much as possible. If the information is incomplete, you should take the initiative to inquire the archives, industry and commerce and other administrative departments. When pollutant emissions are involved, it is necessary to comprehensively collect energy consumption documents such as water invoices, coal (oil) invoices, or tax receipts, as well as online monitoring data, supervisory monitoring and other data. In the process of data aggregation, the collected data should be compared with previous environmental yearbooks, quality bulletins, environmental monitoring statistics and other data to confirm the accuracy of the data. Methods such as material balance calculation and pollution discharge coefficient calculation should be adopted to comprehensively verify the amount of pollution discharged, and all data should be entered and reviewed.
The third is to make full use of the census data obtained to continuously improve pollution prevention and control capabilities. Carrying out a general survey of pollution sources is conducive to a comprehensive grasp of the discharge of major pollutants in various industries, as well as a comprehensive grasp of the regional pollution status and environmental carrying capacity. Therefore, all localities must make full use of the results of the pollution source survey to continuously improve the level and capacity of pollution prevention and control. According to the environmental quality, timely adjust the regional economic development plan, make up for the shortcomings of the ecological environment, and fight the tough battle for pollution prevention; if it is found that there is a pollutant emission control plan that exceeds the total amount and cannot be completed on schedule, the industrial policy must be adjusted , Eliminate backward production capacity, and promote the construction of a resource-saving and environment-friendly society.